About cashmere and pashmina
The finest down fibre comes from high plateau regions such as Kashmir, Nepal, Inner Mongolia and Tibet, where the high altitude(at elevations of 14,000 feet and above) and cold, harsh conditions enable the goats to grow the finest, longest soft underbelly down, which lies under the coarse outer hair.
It is saying that the harshest weather makes for the best inner fibre (pashm means “inside”). In Indian and Persian, they call these sort of down fibre “pashmina”, and the word “cashmere” is derived from the Kashmir region for the same fibre.
Each goat produces only about 3 ounces or 90 grams of cashmere each year.
About the grades of cashmere
Cashmere is graded as “Grade-A”, “Grade-B” and so on.
The best grade of cashmere is 14-15.5 microns in diameter and all the cashmere products that we offer are made with this very fine grade-A cashmere.
About ply of cashmere yarn
Ply’s are strands of yarn twisted together to make one piece of yarn. Two-ply is thicker than one-ply, and so on.
Caring for your Cashmere
Your items are knitted and woven with the longest, finest strands possible, which give it a tighter, flatter feel, but which wears much better.
Once a knitted garment is washed, the ply strands “open” and get fuller and softer.
To get the most out of your cashmere and to ensure it continues to look beautiful, it must be handled with the utmost of care.
Cashmere garment can be dry cleaned or hand washed inside out with a mild soap or hair shampoo and lukewarm water.
Gently ‘squish’ to let the suds soak through the fibres.
Rinse with hair conditioner, this would make your cashmere sweater softer, until water runs clear.
Lay flat to dry, out of sunlight, then press with a damp cloth. Re-shape whilst damp, taking special care, as wet cashmere fibres can stretch out of shape.
Finally you can cool iron with damp cloth, if necessary. Do not over wash. Be sure to store in a cedar chest or keep it in a plastic bag to avoid moths.
Watch this video about how to wash cashmere.
The friction of wear causes tiny balls of fluff to form on new cashmere garments; this pilling is quite normal and does not necessarily indicate poor quality(Don’t forget if it doesn’t pill, it isn’t cashmere!). Don’t worry about a little pilling, gently cut off pilling with a nail scissors. Lay your sweater flat and be very careful as you trim.
Regular washing will help to prevent pilling on quality cashmere garments. We recommend de-pilling a sweater before washing using a Cashmere Comb.
Glide it, gently but firmly, over the affected area to remove the pill balls. Once they are all removed, wash it as instructed and after a few washes you should find they disappear if you continue to carefully wash your cashmere regularly.
Additional Care Tips for Cashmere Garments
To keep your cashmere garments always clean and beautiful, here are some basic rules to follow:
- Do not wear the same garment too frequently. Allow the garment two or three days’; rest after a day’s wearing.
- A silk or pashmina scarf goes well with cashmere tops and cardigans. Used between your cashmere top/cardigan and your neck, a scarf will also prevent powder or other cosmetics stains.
- Do not wear a cashmere garment next to rough clothing, metal necklaces, bracelets, belts and rough leather items such as crocodile leather bags. Dress up your cashmere with a silk scarf and pearl accessories instead of accessories with a rough surface.
- Pilling is caused by abrasion during regular use. It often develops around elbows, on the seat of skirts, and in areas rubbed by a bag or briefcase, even a seat belt. Soft, fuzzy surfaces are more susceptible than others. So for cashmere products, some pilling is normal after repeated usage.
Cashmere is one of the finest natural fibers in the world and is combed from the undercoat of Mongolian goats. Knitwear made from this precious and delicate fiber is luxurious to wear but requires a little more care and attention than products made from coarser wools.